Please note that the following readings, blessings, and observances are purely traditional. The Kiddush, Torah Reading, and Havdalah services that are described below are not commanded anywhere in the Scriptures, but have been adapted from Jewish tradition to fit a Messianic audience. Many find such traditions enriching to their faith; others find it distracting. Thus the liturgies are presented here simply as a resource, not as a commandment. We do not judge those who do not use liturgy.
Kiddush Service for Shabbat Erev
As it was a woman who brought forth Yeshua, the light of the World, so it is a woman who is selected to inaugurate the Shabbat by the lighting of two candles: one to fulfill the commandment to “Remember” Shabbat, (Exodus 20:8) and the other to fulfill the commandment to “Observe” Shabbat. (Deuteronomy 5:12) She also has the distinct honor of praying the opening prayer over the Lights of Shabbat.
Blessing for Candle Lighting
Hebrew: Barukh attah YHWH Eloheinu melekh ha’olam, asher kideshanu b’mitzvotav ve’tsivanu le’hiyot or le’goyim, ve’natan’lanu et Yeshua Meshicheinu or ha’olam.
English: Blessed are You, YHWH our God, King of the Universe, who sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to be a light to the nations, and who gave to us Yeshua our Messiah, the Light of the world.
Prayer over the Lights of Shabbat
May it be your will, YHWH my God, and the God of my forefathers, that You show favor to me, [ my husband, my sons, my daughters, my father, my mother ] and all my relatives; that You grant us and all Israel a good and long life; that You remember us with a beneficent memory and blessing; that You consider us with a consideration of salvation and compassion; that You bless us with great blessings; that You make our households complete; and that You cause Your Presence to dwell among us.
Privilege me to raise children and grandchildren who are wise and understanding, who love YHWH, and who fear God; people of truth, holy offspring, attached to YHWH, who illuminate the world with Torah and good deeds and with every labor in the service of the Creator. Please, hear my supplication at this time, in the merit of our mothers Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, and Leah; cause our light to illuminate that it not be extinguished forever; and let Your countenance shine so that we are saved.
At this point, a selected leader speaks the following Scriptures and blessings over the group / assembly / family.
God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day. The heavens and the earth were finished, and all their vast array. On the seventh day God finished His work which He had made, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. God blessed the seventh day, and set it apart, because He rested in it from all His work which He had created and made.
Blessing for Wine (or Juice)
Hebrew: Barukh attah YHWH Eloheinu melekh ha’olam, bo’re p’riy ha’gafen.
English: Blessed are You, YHWH our God, King of the Universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine.
Messianic Blessing: We give You thanks, our Father, for the holy vine of Your son David, which You made known to us through Your Son Yeshua; for Yours is the glory, forever and ever. (Didache 9:3-4)
Blessing for Bread
Hebrew: Barukh attah YHWH Eloheinu melekh ha’olam, ha’motzi lechem min ha’aretz.
English: Blessed are You, YHWH our God, King of the Universe, who brings forth bread from the earth.
Messianic Blessing: We give You thanks, our Father, for the life and knowledge which You have made known to us through Your Son Yeshua; for Yours is the glory, forever and ever. As this broken bread was scattered upon the mountains, and became gathered together into one, so may Your Assembly be gathered together from the ends of the earth into Your kingdom; for Yours is the glory and the power through Yeshua the Messiah, forever and ever. (Didache 9:6-9)
Blessing for Sons (Spoken by parents over their sons.)
Hebrew: Yesimkha Elohim ke’Efrayim ve’khi’Manasheh.
English: May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh.
Blessing for Daughters (Spoken by parents over their daughters.)
Hebrew: Yesimeikh Elohim ke’Sarah, Rivka, Rachel, ve’Leah.
English: May God make you like Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, and Leah.
Blessing for Husbands (Psalm 112. Spoken by wives over their husbands.)
Blessed is the man who fears YHWH, who delights greatly in His commandments. His seed will be mighty in the land, and the generation of the upright will be blessed. Wealth and riches are in his house, and his righteousness endures forever.
Light dawns in the darkness for the upright, gracious, merciful, and righteous. It is well with the man who deals graciously and lends, and he will maintain his cause in judgment; for he will never be shaken. The righteous will be remembered forever, and he will not be afraid of evil news. His heart is steadfast, trusting in YHWH. His heart is established, and he will not be afraid in the end when he sees his adversaries.
He has dispersed, he has given to the poor, and his righteousness endures forever. His horn will be exalted with honor; the wicked will see it, and be grieved. He shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away; and the desire of the wicked will perish.
Blessing for Wives (Proverbs 31:10-31. Spoken by husbands over their wives.)
(Aleph) Who can find a virtuous woman? Her price is far above rubies.
(Bet) The heart of her husband trusts in her, and he shall have no lack of gain.
(Gimel) She does him good, and not harm, all the days of her life.
(Dalet) She seeks wool and flax, and works eagerly with her hands.
(Hey) She is like the merchant ships, and she brings her bread from far away.
(Vav) She rises while it is still night; she gives food to her household, and portions for her servant girls.
(Zayin) She considers a field, and buys it; with the fruit of her hands, she plants a vineyard.
(Chet) She arms her waist with strength, and makes her arms strong.
(Tet) She perceives that her merchandise is profitable, and her lamp does not go out by night.
(Yod) She opens her hands to the distaff, and her hands hold the spindle.
(Kaf) She opens her arms to the poor, and extends her hands to the needy.
(Lamed) She is not afraid of the snow for her household; for all her household are clothed with scarlet.
(Mem) She makes carpets of tapestry for herself, and her clothing is fine linen and purple.
(Nun) Her husband is known in the city gates, when he sits among the elders of the land.
(Samech) She makes linen garments and sells them, and delivers sashes to the merchant.
(Ayin) Strength and dignity are her clothing, and she laughs at the time to come.
(Pey) She opens her mouth with wisdom, and the law of kindness is on her tongue.
(Tzade) She looks well to the ways of her household, and does not eat the bread of idleness.
(Quph) Her children rise up and call her blessed; her husband praises her also:
(Resh) “Many women do noble things, but you exceed them all.”
(Shin) Charm is deceitful, and beauty is vain; but a woman who fears YHWH, she shall be praised.
(Tav) Give her a share of the fruit of her hands, and let her works praise her in the city gates!
Blessing for the Whole Family (Numbers 6:24-26)
Hebrew: Ye’va’rekhekha YHWH ve’yi’shmerekha, ya’eir YHWH panav eleykha vi’chuneka, yissa YHWH panav eleykha, ve’yeseim lekha shalom.
English: May YHWH bless you and keep you. May YHWH make His face to shine on you, and be gracious to you. May YHWH lift up His face toward you, and give you peace.
Shabbat is official here! Everyone shouts and sings, “Shabbat Shalom!”